Asalaamu alaikum waramatulahi wabarakatahu I get asked fairly often for “curriculum” for younger children. I’ve compiled a list of my own commentary as well as guidelines from the experts from books and the internet of what is developmentall appropriate for a child in this age group.
Remember these are guidelines for at the END of pre school age so don’t fret if she or he hasn’t met each developmental milestone just yet.
Preschool Curriculum Guide
* Understands big and little. * Understands long and short. * Matches shapes or objects based on size.
** Real life tip from me
** You can use stuff around the house, grocery store, kitchen, park and even the car for this! 😉
Colors and Shapes
* Recognizes and names primary colors. * Recognizes circles. * Recognizes rectangles. * Matches shapes or objects based on shape. * Copies shapes.
**While in daily conversation make sure to include this in your day to day activities…i.e. “CHILD’s Name please bring mommy the yellow ball. Can you please hand mommy the black pot? Etc. etc
* Counts orally through 10. * Counts objects in one-to-one correspondence. * Understands empty and full. * Understands more and less.
** Again daily examples…here are 3 eggs, mommy is going to boil 3 eggs to add with our yellow pasta.
* Remembers objects from a given picture. * Knows what a letter is. * Has been read to frequently. * Has been read to daily. * Looks at books and magazines. * Recognizes some nursery rhymes. * Identifies parts of the body. * Identifies objects that have a functional use. * Knows common farm and zoo animals. * Pronounces own first name. * Pronounces own last name. * Expresses self verbally. * Identifies other children by name * Tells the meaning of simple words. * Repeats a sentence of 6-8 words. * Completes incomplete sentence with proper word. * Has own books. * Understands that print carries a message. * Pretends to read. * Uses left-to-right progression. * Answers questions about a short story. * Tells the meaning of words heard in story. * Looks at pictures and tells a story. * Identifies own first name in manuscript. * Prints own first name.
**I wrote Evelyn’s name on EVERYTHING. I labeled EVERYTHING. For example on her drawings I would ask her “what is this?” Then I would write down her reply so she could start to assimilate written and spoken language and that letters form words and that words are written/read from top to bottom left to right (all this just by observing, not even drilling it in them)
Another thing is we labeled the dresser with the word dresser, the toy shelf with the words toy shelf and so on and so forth
Also follow the lesson plans over at www.letteroftheweek.com
to the best of your ability time wise. Another web site we loved was
Both of these are free.
Position and Direction
* Understands up and down. * Understands in and out. * Understands front and back. * Understands over (on) and under. 5
* Understands top, bottom, middle. * Understands beside and next to. * Understands hot and cold. * Understands fast and slow.
**Again this is simple and does NOT require much time, planning, spending or “teaching” on your behalf. Simply in conversation include this in your day to day life i.e “The water is running/flowing slowly let’s make it flow faster”…. “The water is hot, feel that, it’s a bit hot, now it’s cold feel that, cold.” “We are going to make salat and pray now please bring mommy the prayer rug so we can put it ON the floor” “Let’s put the shoes UNDER the bed(or OUTSIDE the door)”, “let’s save the notebook over on top of the shelf” etc, etc
* Understands day and night. * Knows age and birthday.
** These requires simple drilling, repeating this information to her a few times a day for example tell her her full name, date of birth and address three times in a row in the morning and then repeat again 3 times in the afternoon. If you do this at least 5 days a week for 2 weeks straight she WILL memorize and retain it.
Listening and Sequencing
* Follows simple directions. * Listens to a short story. * Listens carefully. * Recognizes common sounds. * Repeats a sequence of sounds. * Repeats a sequence of orally given numbers. * Retells simple stories in sequence.
**This starts out slow, while reading to him or her repeat one sentence or a very small paragraph at least 2 times and ask the child to tell you what they remember. This not only helps her attention span and focus but trains her mind to be sharper over time.
* Is able to run. * Is able to walk a straight line. * Is able to jump. * Is able to hop. * Is able to alternate feet walking down stairs. * Is able to march. * Is able to stand on one foot for 5-10 seconds. * Is able to walk backwards for five feet. * Is able to throw a ball. * Pastes objects. * Claps hands. * Matches simple objects. * Touches fingers. * Able to button a garment. * Builds with blocks. * Completes simple puzzles (5 pieces or less). * Draws and colors beyond * a simple scribble. * Able to zip a zipper. * Controls pencil and crayon well. * Cuts simple shapes. * Handles scissors well. * Able to copy simple shapes.
**Have the child play with play dough, clay “Paint”, scribble, tear paper, drawn, trace, connect the dots and simply walk, climb and play. Over time (a few months) these skills will automatically improve which prepares her for cutting, writing, penmanship, and even reading later on!
* Can be away from parents or primary care givers for 2-3 hours without being upset. * Takes care of toilet needs independently. * Feels good about self. * Is not afraid to go to school. * Cares for own belongings. * Knows full name. * Dresses self. * Knows how to use handkerchief or tissue. * Knows own sex. * Brushes teeth. 6
* Crosses residential street safely. * Asks to go to school. * Knows parents’ names. * Knows home address. * Knows home phone number. * Enters into casual conversation. * Carries a plate of food. * Maintains self-control. * Gets along well with other children. * Plays with other children. * Recognizes authority. * Shares with others. * Talks easily. * Likes teachers. * Meets visitors without shyness. * Puts away toys. * Able to stay on task. * Able to work independently. * Helps family with chores
I hope this list and my commentary is helpful! Please let me know if you are stuck, worried, have questions or complete all of these and want more steps! Salaam!! ~ Holly